A hundred years ago
25 Jan 2016
Conditions more calculated to shatter the strongest “nerves” it would be hard to imagine. Days and nights spent in wet, insanitary trenches, clothes swarming with vermin, food never very appetizing and often insufficient in amount, death or mutilation always imminent, comrades falling and fallen around, the groans of the wounded mingled with the ear-splitting din of bursting shells, to say nothing of the unspeakable horrors of the bayonet – all this, one would think, would more than suffice to upset the equilibrium of the most stable nervous system.
22 Dec 2015
The responsibility of errors of refraction in causing headache is now an article of medical belief. But some of the many other manifestations of eye-strain are less widely known, such as the attacks of sickness of children, vertigo and certain migraines; the prescription of correcting lenses then may lead to rapid amelioration or complete relief from the trouble.
Tanning can be addictive
29 Mar 2009
A study from the USA has provided further evidence that some people who tan excessively are tanning dependent.The study recruited 400 volunteers from an American university, who were asked to complete an online questionnaire that had been modified to identify tanning dependence (modified CAGE and DSM-IV-TR scales). The mean age of participants was 21 years, 75% were women and 66% were white. 'Despite extensive public health education about the risks of excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation, some people continue to tan excessively. Similarities between excessive tanning and substance use disorders are increasingly being discussed. Both are particularly common in the young, associated with pleasurable reinforcing experiences such as relaxation and socialisation and represent health risk behaviours that continue despite health warnings. A possible mechanism, linking tanning to endogenous opioid release during ultraviolet radiation exposure, has been mooted.The concept of tanning dependence may be new to many GPs and may help them provide health education for those who continue to tan excessively.'